Viva Freedom! (Jayumanse) (1946)|
Director : Choi In-Kyu
Production Company : Korea Film
Date of Theatrical Release : 1946-10-21
Running Time : 60 min.
Opening Theater : Kukje(the old Myeongchi) Theater
Genre : Martial-Melodrama
Screenplay(Adaptation) : Jeon Chang-Keun
Producer : Choi Wan-Kyu
Executive Producer : Choi Wan-Kyu
Director of PhotoGraphy : Han Hyeong-Mo
Gaffer : Kim Seong-Chun
Music : Park Tae-Hyeon
Art Director : Kim Jeong-Hang
Editor : Yang Ju-Nam
Hwang Yui-Hee, Jeon Chang-Keun, Yoo Kye-Seon, Jeon Taek-Yi, Ha Yeon-Nam, Kim Seung-Ho, Han Eun-Jin
August 1945. Choe Han-jung (Jeon Chang-keun) is a Korean freedom fighter who is serving time in prison after being betrayed by Japanese collaborator Nam-bu (Dog Eun-gi). He succeeds in escaping from prison and takes refuge in the home of Hye-ja (Hwang Yui-hee), who is a nurse at a university hospital. Han-jung's underground organization proceeds with its plan for an armed uprising, but Park (Kim Seung-ho) gets captured by the Japanese military police on his way back from acquiring dynamite. Han-jung rescues Park and hides out in the apartment of Nam-bu's girlfriend Mi-hyang (Yoo Kye-seon). While giving Han-jung shelter, Mi-hyang falls in love with him and goes to the basement housing Han-jung's underground organization in order to purvey information and funds. However, she is followed there by Nam-bu and the military police, who shoot and kill her. Han-jung is also wounded and moved to the university hospital. Hye-ja, who has secretly been in love with Han-jung, helps him to escape from the hospital while the military policeman on guard has dozed off.
"A full-fledged dramatic film made with the participation of representative figures in the Korean film industry immediately after the liberation of August 15, 1945, Viva Freedom! is a significant film in the history of Korean cinema in that it takes the anti-Japanese struggle and the restoration of Korea's independence as its main subjects." (Chung Jong-wha)
Viva Freedom! is one of the earliest dramatic films to be made after Korea regained its independence in 1945. Two figures who represented the Korean film industry during the Japanese colonial period, Jeon Chang-keun and Choi In-kyu, wrote and directed the film, respectively. In addition, the film enjoyed the participation of Han Hyeong-mo, who had returned after studying cinematography in Japan; Kim Seong-chun, Korea's first-generation lighting director; and Yang Ju-nam, the first editor in the history of Korean film. At the time of its release, it also enjoyed tremendous commercial success thanks to the response of an audience still elated by the nation's recent liberation. Viva Freedom! affords glimpses into both the thematic consciousness of the time and the early interest of Korean cinema in the question of genre. Viva Freedom! deals with the themes of resistance against Japanese rule and the fight for independence using the generic conventions of the melodrama and the action movie. That is, if the relationship between freedom figher Han-jung and the two women who love him proceeds according to the plot conventions of the melodrama, the chase and gun fight scenes involving the Japanese military police, for which the technique of cross cutting was attempted, demonstrate the visual characteristics of the action movie. While Viva Freedom! is important for its historical value as a film about national independence, it is also interesting as an early example of the action-melodrama in Korean film history.
Director Bio: Choi In-kyu (1911-?)
Born in Yeongbyeon-myeon, Pyeonganbuk-do. Although he entered Pyeongyang High School, he quit to study on his own and in 1935, established Goryeo Film Studios along withhis brother Choi Wan-gyu. He married Kim Sin-jae around 1937 and learned film recording as an assistant to Lee Phil-woo. In 1939, he made his directorial debut with the film Frontier (Guggyeong), produced by Chunil Film Studios. Afterward, he directed Tuition (Su-eoblyo) (1940) and Homeless Angel (Jib-eobsneun cheonsa) (1941). At the end of the Japanese colonial reign, he directed pro-Japanese films such as Children of the sun (Tae-yang-ui a-ideul) (1944), Vow of Love (Salang-ui maengseo) (1945), and Sons of the Sky(Sinpung-ui adeuldeul) (1945). After Korea became independent, he directed his Independence Trilogy - Viva Freedom! (Ja-yumanse) (1946), An Innocent Criminal (Joe-eobsneun joe-in) (1948) and The Night before Independence Day (Doglibjeon-ya) (1948)- in an attempt to make up for his pro-Japanese films. Afterward, he directed documentary films such as Dance of Jang Chu-Hwa(Jang Chuhwa mu-yong) (1948), The Town of Hope (Huimang-ui ma-eul) (1948), and Pasi(Pasi) (1949) and was kidnapped to North Korea during the Korean War. Choi In-kyu's greatest accomplishment is in the fact that he taught important directors in Korean movie history such as Hong Seong-ki, Shin Sang-ok, and Chung Chang-wha and is considered the Father of Korean Film after the Korean Independence.
(References: Kim Jong-won and others, The Dictionary of Korean Film Directorspublished by the Korea Film Directors’ Society Incorporated, Kookhak Community Corporation)